Directional Confusion
Directional confusion may take a number of forms, from being uncertain of which is left and right to being unable to read a map accurately
* The dyslexic may reverse letters like b and d, or p and q, either when reading or writing.
* He may invert letters, reading or writing n as u, m as w, d as q, p as b, f as t.
* He may mirror write letters and perhaps numbers,‘y’, ‘e’ for ‘3’.
* He may read or write words like no for on, rat for tar, won for now, saw for was.
* He may read or write 17 for 71.

Directional confusion also explains a lot of the difficulties some dyslexics have in learning to tie their shoe-laces. Most children can tie their shoe-laces at the age of five. Over 90 percent of dyslexics are later than average in acquiring this skill, and without intervention around half do not pick this up until the age of ten or later, and even then are not 100 percent successful.

Directional confusion may take a number of forms, from being uncertain of which is left and right to being unable to read a map accurately

Sequencing Difficulties
Many dyslexics have trouble with sequencing, i.e. perceiving something in sequence and also remembering the sequence. Naturally this will affect their ability to read and spell correctly. After all, every word consists of letters in a specific sequence. In order to read one has to perceive the letters in sequence, and also remember what word is represented by the sequence of letters in question. By simply changing the sequence of the letters in name, it can become mean or amen.
*He may put syllables in the wrong order, reading animal as ‘aminal’, hospital as ‘hopsital’, enemy as ‘emeny’.
*The dyslexic may write letters in the wrong order, spelling Simon as ‘Siomn’, time as ‘tiem’, child as ‘chidl’.
*He may omit letters, i.e. reading or writing cat for cart, wet for went, sing for string.

Dyslexics may also have trouble remembering the order of the alphabet, strings of numbers, for example telephone numbers, the months of a year, the seasons, and events in the day. Younger children may also find it hard to remember the days of the week. Some are unable to repeat longer words orally without getting the syllables in the wrong order, for example words like preliminary and statistical.

Little Words
*Adds little words which do not appear in the text.

Bizarre Reading and Spelling somedays i have issues

Difficulties with Handwriting
* Generally illegible writing.
* Letter inconsistencies.
* Mixture of upper/lower case letters or print/cursive letters.
* Irregular letter sizes and shapes.
* Unfinished letters.
* Struggle to use writing as a communicative tool.

Difficulties with Math
*The dyslexic may reverse numbers, and read or write 17 for 71.
*He may transpose numbers i.e., 752 – 572.
*He may have a difficulty with mental arithmetic.
*He may have a problem with telling the time.

More Dyslexia Signs
*Reads very slowly and hesitantly.
*Loses orientation on a line or page while reading, missing lines or reading previously-read lines again.
*Reads aloud hesitantly, word by word, monotonously.
*Mispronounces words, or puts stress on the wrong syllables.
*Reads only in the present tense although the text is in the past.
*Foreshortens words, for example ‘portion’ for proportion.
*Substitutes another word of similar meaning, for example dog for pup.
*Omits prefixes, omits suffixes or adds suffixes.
*Spells words as they sound, for example ‘rite’ for right.
*Often ignores punctuation. He may omit full stops or commas and fail to see the need for capital letters.
*Poor at copying from the board.
*Has trouble attaching names to things and people.